Petrobras cuts the cost of aviation gas by 15.7% – Airways Magazine

DALLAS – This week, the Brazilian oil company Petrobras reduced the price of aviation diesel (AVGAS) for distributors by 15.7%. This is a trend also observed by Jet Fuel.

This is the second time in recent weeks that this public oil company has decided to lower gasoline prices for the aeronautical industry, after a 5.7% drop in early August.

The AVGAS powers traditional propeller planes used for aerobatics, flying clubs or flight schools. Not included are turbojet aircraft, whose turbine engines burn Jet A1 fuel to power their propellers.

While AVGAS is used for piston-engined aircraft, which fly by the rotation of the propellers, which generate thrust, Jet Fuel is used for turbo-jet aircraft, which fly by the thrust of expelled air.

Jet fuel is a colorless, refined type of kerosene-based fuel that is used for aircraft with turbine engines, such as jets and turboprops. Jet Fuel is also available in two types. Jet A and Jet A1.

Alaska Airlines Biofuels. Photo: Alaska Airlines

Kerosene costs

The need for Jet-A increased in the second quarter (Q2) of 2022 due to the reintroduction of commercial air travel around the world. Additionally, diesel fuel was in high demand due to growth in the freight and shipping sectors. Due to a lack of supply, both industries have to pay more for fuel.

After price spikes in the second quarter due to high spending, strong travel demand, a two-year hiatus and limited flights, airfares began to fall in July. Compared to June of this year, fares have decreased by 7.8%.

July’s drop in airfares coincided with lower jet fuel costs in the United States, which the Energy Information Administration said were down about 25% from their peak midway through the second quarter. Aviation experts also point out that ticket prices will continue to fall in the fall as demand for summer travel and jet fuel prices drop.

According to the International Air Transport Association (IATA), the average price of jet fuel before the summer was around $4.15 per gallon worldwide, 149% more expensive than a year ago.

The price of jet fuel ended last week up 8.1% at US$155.2/bbl.

Neste’s SAF is called “Neste MY Sustainable Aviation Fuel“. Photo: Nesté

Jet A and Jet A1

Although the two types of jet fuel have some different manufacturing requirements, both can be used to power turbine-powered aircraft. The main differences between Jet A and Jet A1 are:

  • Freezing points: The freezing point of Jet A is -40°C, while Jet A1 freezes at -47°C. The Jet A1’s lower freezing point makes it more suitable for long-haul international flights, especially those flying over polar routes.
  • Additives: Jet A does not regularly include antistatic additives. These additives help to decrease static charges that could form due to the movement of Jet Fuel. Jet A1 mainly contains antistatic additives.
  • Region: Jet A is mainly used in the United States, while Jet A1 is more common in the rest of the world.

Featured Image: Petrobras

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