FACT SHEET: Key deliverables of the 2021 North American Leaders’ Summit
Today, President Biden met with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau of Canada and President Andrés Manuel López Obrador of Mexico for the North American Leaders’ Summit. They reiterated our strong ties and integration, as well as our willingness to chart a new course for our partnership at a time when we face incredibly complex global challenges. Leaders pledged to take concrete actions in support of our common goals, including: ending the COVID-19 pandemic and advancing global health; promote competitiveness and create the conditions for equitable growth, and coordinate a regional response to migration.
Ending the COVID-19 Pandemic and Advancing Global Health
The leaders affirmed their vision of a world free from the threats to global health posed by infectious diseases by:
- Mexico and Canada commit to repay vaccine loans from the United States in the form of vaccine donations to Latin America and the Caribbean to increase immunization coverage.
- Ensure we are prepared for the next pandemic and other health threats by committing to review and update our North American Animal and Pandemic Influenza Plan (NAPAPI).
- Reiterating our commitment to strengthen our medical supply chains by exploring ways to manufacture components for vaccines and other public health supplies here in North America.
- Work together to increase commitments to the COVID-19 Global Vaccine Access Center (COVAX) and improve vaccine distribution in Latin America and the Caribbean as well as globally, invest in our health workforce and fight counterfeit drugs and medical supplies.
- Support the global health security agenda, including improving capacity and leadership to prevent, detect and respond to infectious disease threats.
- Address the overdose epidemic and its harms, by committing to continue the North American Dialogue on Drugs (NADD) with updated strategic goals that encompass a comprehensive approach to addressing the global illegal drug environment and its associated serious consequences.
Fostering competitiveness and creating the conditions for equitable growth
To rebuild together as North America, and for our economies to improve our competitiveness and propel our future growth, leaders affirmed the need for enabling conditions for businesses and workers to flourish, and pledged to:
- Strengthen North American supply chains by creating a trilateral supply chain coordination mechanism, with the goal of defining critical industries to minimize future disruption, recognizing that North America needs supply chains. resilient, sustainable, diverse and secure supplies to ensure our economic prosperity and security.
- Strengthen small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) links by connecting SME centers across North America and promote women’s entrepreneurship through expert exchanges focused on economic recovery. They are also committed to promoting innovation by supporting creators and reducing counterfeit and pirated products in commerce.
- Promote good regulatory practices to achieve long-term and sustainable growth that offers greater transparency, inclusiveness and accountability.
- Supporting strong labor rights protection and underscored their trilateral commitment to implement the ban on imports of goods produced by forced labor under the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA).
- Hold a trilateral meeting of cybersecurity experts to discuss 21st Cyber Software of the Century and plan to tackle ransomware through the Multilateral Ransomware Initiative, as an open, interoperable, secure and reliable internet and strong critical infrastructure will also propel growth.
- Explore opportunities with the private sector and academia to ensure our staff are equipped with education and training for a 21st workforce of the century.
Recognizing the incredible challenges posed by the climate crisis to the world, leaders pledged to take concrete actions such as:
- Create a North American methane and black carbon strategy to reduce methane emissions from all sectors, particularly oil and gas. We will also focus on reducing black carbon from diesel vehicles and engines, flaring, wood-burning appliances and shipping.
- Join diplomatic efforts to encourage other countries in the Americas to propose ambitious improvements to Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) in 2022 and to hold a trilateral dialogue on the ambition and implementation of the NDC.
- Collaborate to accelerate the deployment of renewable energy across North America, including technical assistance, the exchange of best practices, and efforts to catalyze finance and technology.
- Accelerate the transition to sustainable transportation, including faster deployment of electric vehicles, efforts to reduce aviation greenhouse gas emissions to zero by 2050, and cleaner fuels in transportation sectors. rail, air and sea transport.
- Commit to the conservation and enhancement of natural carbon sinks, to also include support for climate-smart agriculture and forestry. The three countries will work to end deforestation and commit to conserving 30 percent of North America’s land and waters by 2030.
- Preserving the knowledge and practices of indigenous and local communities through the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation.
- Plan to bring together major North American states and cities as key contributors to national and global climate efforts to accelerate climate action.
In order to realize our full potential, leaders affirmed their support to push for full and meaningful participation in our democracies and economies for all by:
- Reaffirming their shared commitment to advancing racial equity and justice, and committing to participate in the ongoing trilateral engagement to develop a North American partnership for racial equity and inclusion.
- Commit to convene a meeting of indigenous women leaders as part of the Trilateral Working Group on Violence Against Indigenous Women and Girls, which seeks to increase access to justice and services with a gender-based approach. human rights and culturally appropriate.
- Protect the human rights of LGBTQI + by pledging a trilateral commitment to the Global Equality Fund to support frontline activists, and to support and increase the membership of the Americas in the United Nations LGBTQI Core Group and the Coalition for equal rights, which coordinates diplomacy in favor of human rights.
Coordination on Migration, Development and a Secure North America
President Biden, President López Obrador and Prime Minister Trudeau have recognized the complex factors that have led to an increase in irregular migration across the hemisphere, and have recognized that they require a coordinated regional response in accordance with the law, rooted in solidarity with migrants and between states, prioritize orderly, safe and regular migration. The leaders committed to:
- Develop a regional pact on migration and protection for the Americas.
- Promote pathways to labor mobility, committing to promote temporary seasonal worker visas, strengthening industry education on programs and their regulations and developing centralized resource centers on migration in Central America. They also pledged to announce additional programs and funding to create jobs in Latin America and the Caribbean.
- Devote further assistance to address the root causes of irregular migration and forced displacement, and consider a trilateral development partnership between Mexico’s AMEXCID, Global Affairs Canada, and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).
- Strengthen asylum systems and refugee resettlement programs to provide international protection to those fleeing persecution, with each country making new commitments to welcome more refugees.
- Improve the capacity to identify human trafficking and other crimes and establish a trilateral working group on migrant smuggling and human trafficking.
- Commit to promoting voluntary returns along the migratory route, in accordance with applicable international and national legal obligations.
To support our common goals of fighting transnational crime and terrorism, and to strengthen our defense collaboration, leaders committed to:
- Adopt a consistent approach to collect, store, use, retain and share passenger records in accordance with the standards and recommended practices of the International Civil Aviation Organization.
- Restart the Trilateral Trafficking in Persons Working Group, to combat labor and sex trafficking in the region.
- Affirm our North American Department of Defense (NADM) commitments such as regional defense, security cooperation, disaster relief and humanitarian assistance.
Leaders also committed to raising awareness among trilateral stakeholders as an integral feedback loop with the private sector, civil society and others, as well as promoting North American culture through arts programming. and a commitment that celebrates freedom of expression and creativity.